peru-machu picchu

51.Visit Machu Picchu is one of my dreams. Because this place is very far from my country it seems difficult to reach but there is no dream that can not come true..

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Machu Picchu is one of the most amazing places I’ve ever visited..The perfect combination of man-made wonders and natural wonders

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Machu Picchu (in hispanicized spelling, Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmatʃu ˈpiktʃu]) or Machu Pikchu (Quechua machu old, old person, pikchu peak; mountain or prominence with a broad base which ends in sharp peaks, “old peak”, pronunciation [ˈmɑtʃu ˈpixtʃu]) is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level.

mp 054It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows.

6.

urubamba river

Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas”, it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization

21.The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham.

46Since then, Machu Picchu has become the largest tourist attraction in South America. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored. The restoration work continues to this day.

17.Since the site was not known to the Spanish during the colonial period, it is highly significant as a relatively intact cultural site. Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.

75Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls.

18.

LAYOUT

The site is roughly divided into an  agricultural sector and an urban sector, as well as the lower and the upper town. The temples are part of the upper town, the warehouses the lower.

The Agricultural Sector

70Located in the southeastern part, it comprises mainly of agricultural cultivation terraces, which were also equipped with watering installations (aqueducts).

37There are several other elements than just the terraces in this sector. There is a Guard Hut, a Cemetery, a Funerary Rock and the City Gate

city gate/main gate

city gate/main gate

the guard house

the guard house

The guard house is the most prominent construction located in a strategic place, on high ground from where the Incas could observe the Urban Sector and a large part of the Agricultural Sector.The view from up there over the city is very beautiful!

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view from the hut

warehouses

warehouses

The Urban Sector

63 - CopyOccupies the biggest part of Machu Picchu and is situated northeast of the agricultural sector. It is the the part richest in attractions in the whole of Machu Picchu. This is the core of the city. Most houses and temples are located in the Urban Sector.

mp 065The urban part of Machu Picchu is divided into 3 districts . These are the Sacred District (or Religious District), the Popular District, the District of Priests and Nobility (also called Royal District).

The Sacred District/Religious District
sacred plaza

sacred plaza

The construction of the Sacred District was motivated by religion. The Incas always had a special place in their cities for the mystical practices, rituals.It is believed that the population periodically gathered in this area of the city and performed rituals.

intiwatana

intiwatana

This is where you will find the famous Inhtihuatana stone, the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of the Three Windows. These two temples were both dedicated to the Sun God of the Incas, Inti.

the temple of the sun

the temple of the sun

central plaza

central plaza

The Central Plaza of Machu Picchu is surrounded by roofless stone structures and steep terraces, with a lovely view of Huayna Picchu. The plaza is the green island amid the Inca stone buildings that make up Machu Picchu, and travelers will often see llamas roaming through the grass and grazing. The Central Plaza’s grassy field separates the Sacred Plaza and Intiwatana from the residential areas on the far side of the complex.

 The Popular District/Residential District

mp 077This is not the only residential area of Machu Picchu, but it is named like this, because most houses are located here. The lower class Incas might have had their homes in this district.

mp 062The buildings are simple houses and storage buildings in this part of Machu Picchu.

fountain

fountain

 The District of Priests and Nobility/Royal District

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Some might call this district the Royalty Zone or Royal Sector. It is located between the Temple of the Sun (in the Sacred District) and the baths, close to the Sacred Plaza.

mp 131The high class Incas lived here. The rich, the leaders, the priests and possibly the emperor might have lived here too.

Getting from Cuzco to Machu Picchu

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poroy train station

From cuzco, take the train from poroy station to Aguas Calientes. Perurail is the only operator offering the services from Cuzco.

backpacker train

backpacker train

There are 3 classes of services (Expedition, Vistadome, Hiram Bingham) and is about 3.5 hrs. trip.  Expedition used to be called Backpacker

vistadome train

vistadome train

Aguas Calientes is a town at the base of Machu Picchu and where the train station and lodgings are

Aguas Calientes

Aguas Calientes

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAFrom Aguas Calientes , take a short 20 mins bus ride, through multiple scenic switchbacks up to Machu Picchu

Bus from Aguas Calientes to Machu Picchu entrance

Bus from Aguas Calientes to Machu Picchu entrance

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As part of their road system, the Incas built a road to the Machu Picchu region. Today, thousands of tourists walk the Inca Trail to visit Machu Picchu each year.

inca trail

inca trail

If you only have one chance to visit one place in the world outside of your country, then go to Machu Picchu
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text from :

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Picchu

http://www.peru-machu-picchu.com

http://www.rediscovermachupicchu.com/mp-attractions.htm

http://www.escapetraveler.com/getting-to-machu-picchu-how-to-get-to-machu-picchu-peru/

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2 thoughts on “peru-machu picchu

  1. Ani, this is one place I really would like to explore and photograph once 🙂

    Absolutely stunning images and some are really with a totally fresh perspective…

    Thank you so much for sharing and have a beautiful day ahead 🙂

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