turkey ii

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izmir

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kusadasi

efes

ephesus

 IZMIR

IMG_6454İzmir is a large metropolis in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara

İzmir’s metropolitan area extends along the outlying waters of the Gulf of İzmir

IMG_6469The city of İzmir is composed of several metropolitan districts. Of these, Konak district corresponds to historical İzmir, this district’s area having constituted the “İzmir Municipality” (Turkish: İzmir Belediyesi) area until 1984, Konak until then having been a name for a central neighborhood around Konak Square, still the core of the city

IMG_6466

 kusadasi

080Kuşadası is a resort town on Turkey’s Aegean coast and  lies at a distance of 95 km (59 mi) to the south from the region’s largest metropolitan center of Izmir

IMG_6565Its primary industry is tourism

 ephesus

basilica

basilica

Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three kilometers southwest of present-day Selçuk in İzmir Province

Resim 046 copy ODEON-small roofed theatre

ODEON-small roofed theatre

It was built in the 10th century BC on the site of the former Arzawan capital by Attic and Ionian Greek colonists. During the Classical Greek era it was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. The city flourished after it came under the control of the Roman Republic in 129 BC.

According to estimates Ephesus had a population of 33,600 to 56,000 people in the Roman period, making it the third largest city of Roman Asia Minor after Sardis and Alexandria Troas

CURETES STREET

CURETES STREET

The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. In 268 AD, the Temple was destroyed or damaged in a raid by the Goths.

TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS

TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS

It may have been rebuilt or repaired but this is uncertain, as its later history is not clear. Emperor Constantine I rebuilt much of the city and erected new public baths.

 TRAJAN FOUNTAIN

TRAJAN FOUNTAIN

Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation.

TEMPLE OF HADRIAN

TEMPLE OF HADRIAN

Ephesus contains the largest collection of Roman ruins in the eastern Mediterranean. Only an estimated 15% has been excavated.

 LIBRARY OF CELCUS

LIBRARY OF CELCUS

The ruins that are visible give some idea of the city’s original splendor, and the names associated with the ruins are evocative of its former life.

GATE OF AUGUSTUS &marble st-scared st

GATE OF AUGUSTUS &marble st-scared st

The theater dominates the view down Harbor Street, which leads to the silted-up harbor

Resim 215 copy harbour st

The Gospel of John may have been written here. The city was the site of several 5th-century Christian Councils, (see Council of Ephesus). It is also the site of a large gladiators’ graveyard.

 GREAT THEATRE

GREAT THEATRE

The ruins of Ephesus are a favorite international and local tourist attraction, partly owing to their easy access from Adnan Menderes Airport.

Resim 208 copy

 ephesus museum

Resim 228 copy

The Ephesus Archaeological Museum (Turkish: Efes Müzesi) is an archaeological museum in Selçuk near İzmir

EPHESUS MUSEUM -tiberius-livia

EPHESUS MUSEUM -tiberius-livia

It houses finds from the nearby Ephesus excavation site. Its best-known exhibit is the statue of Artemis retrieved from the temple of the goddess in Ephesus

text taken from wikipedia

 

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