turkey iii

 

Travertine terrace formations

Pamukkale-Travertine terrace formations

artificial pools

Pamukkale-artificial pools

Egirdir

Egirdir

 

PAMUKKALE

372

Pamukkale, meaning “cotton castle” in Turkish, is a natural site in Denizli Province in southwestern Turkey.

cotton fields

cotton fields

The city contains hot springs and travertines, terraces of carbonate minerals left by the flowing water. It is located in Turkey’s Inner Aegean region, in the River Menderes valley, which has a temperate climate for most of the year.

pamukkale town

pamukkale town

The ancient Greco-Roman and Byzantine city of Hierapolis was built on top of the white “castle” which is in total about 2,700 metres (8,860 ft) long, 600 m (1,970 ft) wide and 160 m (525 ft) high.

hierapolis

hierapolis

It can be seen from the hills on the opposite side of the valley in the town of Denizli, 20 km away.

pamukkale town at night

Tourism is and has been a major industry. People have bathed in its pools for thousands of years. As recently as the mid-20th century, hotels were built over the ruins of Hierapolis, causing considerable damage. An approach road was built from the valley over the terraces, and motor bikes were allowed to go up and down the slopes. When the area was declared a World Heritage Site, the hotels were demolished and the road removed and replaced with artificial pools.

artificial pools

artificial pools

Wearing shoes in the water is prohibited to protect the deposits.

 artificial pools.

Pamukkale is a tourist attraction. It is recognized as a World Heritage Site together with Hierapolis. Hierapolis-Pamukkale was made a World Heritage Site in 1988.

165The underground volcanic activity which causes the hot springs also forced carbon dioxide into a cave, which was called the Plutonium meaning place of the god, Pluto. This cave was used for religious purposes by priests of Cybele, who found ways to appear immune to the suffocating gas.

279Travertine is a form of limestone deposited by mineral springs, especially hot springs. Travertine often has a fibrous or concentric appearance and exists in white, tan, cream-colored, and even rusty varieties.

200It is formed by a process of rapid precipitation of calcium carbonate, often at the mouth of a hot spring or in a limestone cave. In the latter, it can form stalactites, stalagmites, and other speleothems. It is frequently used in Italy and elsewhere as a building material

Red Springs

466Karahayit Red Springs  is located approx 8 kms from Pamukkale

477

EGIRDIR

534Eğirdir is a town and district of Isparta Province in the Mediterranean region of Turkey.

543-The town and the lake were formerly called Eğridir, a Turkish pronunciation of the town’s old Greek name Akrotiri.

562However, Eğridir means “it is crooked” in Turkish, and therefore, to remove the negative connotations of the name, in the 1980s the “i” and the “r” were transposed in a new official name, thus creating Eğirdir, a name that evokes spinning and flowers, although many people in Turkey still call both the town and the nearby Lake Eğirdir by its former name.

544

text taken from wikipedia

 

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